Of the prostate cancer treatments available, your doctor will recommend the treatment option which is best for you. The decision will depend on your overall health and how far modern your cancer is. In case the treatment recommended for you is not anything you’re comfortable with, for example you may not be comfortable with external beam radiation therapy; you can provide your doctor your opinion. It’s necessary which you are at ease with the decision. Discuss it with your family as well, particularly the possible side effects and also cure rate.
Oncologists specialize in specific fields. The one you’re referred to will likely be a specialist in the treatment prescribed for you.
Watching and also Waiting
The first strategy in most treatment plans is watching and waiting. The signs and symptoms which can indicate prostate cancer are also indications of other problems including an infection in or close to your prostate. Watching and waiting is to figure out which condition your symptoms are from.
During this period, blood samples will probably be tested for PSA levels and tissue samples might be delivered for a biopsy.Elevated levels of the prostate specific antigen may point to a less serious medical problem. This is why a tissue sample might be taken; to verify or to rule out the presence of cancer. Remember that early treatment usually has a much better possibility of cure.
Men who will be the best candidates for prostate cancer surgery would be the ones most likely to achieve a successful recovery from the procedure. These are men with great overall health and who do not have secondary conditions that may interfere with recovery like heart problems. Surgery may lead to some serious side effects including incontinence and also impotence.
There are 3 different types of radiation therapies. External beam therapy is typically a stream of X-rays aimed at your pelvis from a device outside the body. The X-rays burn away cancer cells through repeated treatments over several weeks.
An alternative external beam therapy is Proton Beam Therapy. Instead of using X-rays, protons, which are charged particles or ions, are streamed at your pelvis, again from a device outside your body.
Brachytherapy is the introduction of several radioactive seeds directly into your prostate. They are implanted with a series of injections when you’re under a general anesthetic.
All of the radiation treatments above work on the principle of burning cancer cells away with high energy particles. Radiation treatment may take place over time, and also is subject to exactly the same side effects as surgery.
Hormone therapy is a method of chemical treatment that seeks to alter your hormone levels to halt or slow the growth of cancer cells. This procedure is temporary mainly because most patients develop a resistance to the effectiveness of the injections after about 2 years.
Hormone therapy is not a cure and also is usually recommended once the patient has a higher stage (T-3 or T-4) of prostate cancer. The thought is to prolong the patient’s life and slow the cancer’s growth.
Cryotherapy is a procedure where, during surgery, your prostate is frozen and then thawed to destroy cancer cells.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound uses focused ultrasound to heat and evaporate diseased tissue out of your prostate. The device is aimed utilizing an MRI scan and also targeted tissue is heated to 80??C. The result is tissue that will no longer reproduce and also so cannot grow any further. Healthy tissue is spared since the effective area of the ultrasound pulse is very small and also only a number of cubic mm at once may be targeted. It is done on an out-patient basis and also does not affect the quality of life that a few of the other treatments do. HIFU also leads to fewer significant side effects than surgery or radiation. HIFU for prostate cancer is especially effective and also may often be used for recurrent cancer. This is not an option, on the other hand , once the cancer has spread beyond the prostate.